Original Greek text of the New Testament identified?
There are thousands of source manuscripts for the New Testament, but there are thousands of minor variations in those ancient documents. The variations are there because, prior to the invention of the printing press about 600 years ago, every version had to be hand-copied, and in the copying came errors. No original writings have been preserved. We have to start with what are copies of copies of copies.
It is the work of textual critics to collect ancient manuscripts and to compare different versions and to decide on what they believe might be the divinely inspired text. How can they be sure? Who is to say that this is more accurate than that?
However, we looked beneath the plain text. Every letter of the Greek alphabet has a numeric value. This means that the Greek text of the New Testament may also be seen as a mathematical document. We believe that this study of the underlying design provides verification of the original text.
We are grateful to Dr Alan Bunning of the Center for New Testament Restoration for the work done to identify the original Greek text of the New Testament. There is no better place for anyone to start these studies than with an examination of the CNTR website. We recommend that serious students might click on the first link (CNTR Project Description) in the first paragraph of the Home page of the CNTR website. This will open a PDF file. Reading from pages 5 to 26 of this document will give you more insight than that held by many scholars.
Also helpful will be to take a look at this timeline of how our Bible came to be.
The menorah and the New Testament
The menorah is a lampstand. It holds seven lamps. Three branches go out on one side … three branches on the other side … and there is a centre stem. 3 … 1 … 3. It’s not an accidental arrangement.
God gave Moses instructions to build a tabernacle for the Israelites in the wilderness. The arrangement, and the furnishings including the menorah, were a type and shadow of the true tabernacle in the heavenlies (see Heb 8:2,5).
A screen was set up. A person couldn’t see over the screen. They had to enter, to experience what was on the other side.
To enter an outer court they first approached a brazen altar of sacrifice. There was no by-passing the altar. It was a symbol of the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross. To be right with God there is no by-passing of Jesus.
Having entered the outer court, the person who stayed there lived by natural light. They hadn’t yet got to the light of His life.
To get closer to God they had to approach the tabernacle. The tabernacle was a tent, covered in dark skins. From the outside there was nothing about the tent that made it attractive. The beauty was within.
To go into the tent they first had to wash with water at a laver. That was also a symbol. Washing with water pointed to the cleansing of mind and spirit that comes through the Word of God (see Eph 5:26). It’s needed regularly.
Now the person could enter the tabernacle. Inside was a holy place. Inside there was no natural light. Light came from the lamps on the menorah. The menorah was a symbol … a symbol pointing to Jesus … to Jesus, revealed by the Spirit … to Jesus revealed in the text of the New Testament.
Your Bible is no doubt a translation, into English. The original writing was in Hebrew for the Old Testament, and in Greek for the New Testament.
There’s a small problem. There was no printing until about 600 years ago. That means that all ancient texts had to be copied by hand, and with the copying came tiny errors.
Today we have thousands of ancient manuscripts of the New Testament and parts of the New Testament. They don’t all agree. So, the question is: what text was your Bible translated from? Does that text conform to the original writing?
We believe that the original text of the New Testament is identified on this website: LivingGreekNT.org. Why? Because we believe that God placed a “watermark” of His hand of design on the original writing. “Men wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit” (see 2 Peter 1:20-21).
The Old Testament was written in Hebrew script. Every letter of the Hebrew alphabet has a numeric value. The New Testament was written in Greek. Every letter of the Greek alphabet has a numeric value. God’s fingerprint, so to speak, is on the original text. There is evidence of mathematical structure and design in the text, design that extends to word values, word count, letter count, and more.
On the LivingGreekNT website, there are 137,720 Greek words in the New Testament text. 137,720 is 40 x 11 x 313. 3 1 3 is the pattern of the menorah.
What about the numbers 40 and 11 ?
The instructions for Moses to make the menorah were first recorded in Exodus chapter 25: (vs 31) “And you will make a lampstand of pure gold, of hammered work it will be. The lampstand, its base and its branches, its bowls, its knobs and its bulbs of one piece it will be. (vs 32) “And six branches will come out from its sides, three branches of the lampstand from one side and three branches of the lampstand from the second side.” The shape: 3 1 3.
There are 121 Hebrew letters in the words of the two verses. 121 is 11 x 11.
The numeric value of the two verses is 8,880. That’s 888 x 10. We get the name of Jesus from the Greek of the New Testament: ΙΗΣΟΥΣ. The numeric value of ΙΗΣΟΥΣ is 888.
Now 8,880 (the numeric value of the two verses that first describe the menorah) is a number that is divisible by 40. (40 x 37 x 3 x 2).
40 x 11 x 313. (The number of Greek words in the New Testament text).
Here is another passage relating to the shape of the menorah … in Isaiah chapter 11. (vs 1) “And a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a branch from his roots will bear fruit …” (It’s prophetic of Jesus). (vs 2) “And will rest on Him the Spirit of the LORD, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and strength, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.”
Seven spirits. (The Holy Spirit) the Spirit of the LORD. The Spirit of Wisdom and understanding. The Spirit of Counsel and strength. The Spirit of Knowledge and the fear of the LORD.
In Hebrew, these four phrases with the numeric values: the Spirit of the LORD. 214 + 26 is 240. The number is divisible by 40.
טhe Spirit of wisdom and understanding. 214 + 73 + 73 is 360. A number divisible by 40.
The Spirit of counsel and strength. 214 + 165 + 222 is 601. And 601 is the 110th prime number. 110 = 11 x 10.
The Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD. 214 + 474 + 617 + 26 is 1331. Which is 11 x 11 x 11.
40 and 11 are prominent in the numeric structure of the verses.
3 1 3 is the shape of the menorah. 40 x 11 x 313 is the breakdown of the number of Greek words in the original text of the New Testament.
Now, the very first verse in the Bible (Genesis 1:1) in Hebrew is the key to all numeric design in the Bible. “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ
Seven words. There is a middle word, spelled with the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The word is untranslatable. There are three words to the left of the middle word, and three words to the right. The arrangement is the same as the menorah: 3 1 3.
Each of the seven Hebrew words has a numeric value. The value of the first word and the sixth word: 913 + 407 is 1320. And 1320 is 40 x 11 x 3.
The value of the first and last words is 913 + 296 which is 1209. And 1209 is 31 x 3 x 13. 31 3 ... 3 13.
40 x 11 x 313. The breakdown of the number of Greek words in the New Testament text.
Going on in God draws us closer and closer to Jesus. The New Testament is all about Jesus. The Christian life is not self-serving. A mature Christian life is a life that points people to Jesus.
In Matthew chapter 10 verse 40 Jesus is recorded as saying to His disciples: “He who receives you receives Me. And he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me.” And that verse is the 313th verse in the New Testament.
Original New Testament text identified?
We believe the original New Testament text is identified on this website: LivingGreekNT.org. The text is confirmed by evidence of an underlying numeric structure.... a feature that could not have occurred by chance, and could not have been contrived by men.
To start ... there are 260 chapters in the NT. 260 is 26 x 10. 26 is the numeric value of the OT word (spelled YUD HEH VAV HEH in Hebrew) that represents the name of the LORD. Jesus is the LORD.
In Hebrew thought, 10 is the full manifestation of an idea. 26 x 10 … the full manifestation of the revelation of Jesus is contained in the 260 chapters of the books of the NT.
Now ... In the first 130 chapters there are 88,760 Greek words. In the last 130 chapters there are 48,960 Greek words. Total for the 260 chapters: 137,720.
This (88,760) is 40 x 7 x 317. This (48,960) is 40 x 8 x 153. And this (137,720) is 40 x 11 x 313.
The result seems to be by design … men writing as they were "moved by the Holy Spirit" (2 Peter 1:20-21).
40 is a number that shows up frequently in the plain text of the Bible.
- Jesus fasted for 40 days and 40 nights
- There were 40 days from Jesus’ death and resurrection to His ascension to heaven.
- At the time of the flood it rained for 40 days and 40 nights
- Moses was 40 years in Egypt and 40 years in Midian, and he led the Israelites for 40 years in the wilderness
- Moses was 40 days and 40 nights on Mt Sinai receiving the Law
- The spies were in Canaan for 40 days
- David reigned for 40 years over Israel
- Solomon reigned for 40 years over Israel
These are a few of the many references in the Bible to 40. They are literal, but they are obviously also symbolic. They indicate a period of testing ... something pre-ordained by God.
In the OT, the first verse (Genesis 1:1) has seven words in the original Hebrew. And Genesis 1:1 is a key to numeric structure in the Bible. In the NT, the first verse (Matthew 1:1) has eight words in the original Greek. And Matthew 1:1 is also a key to the numeric structure.
“The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.” In Greek: ΒΙΒΛΟΣ (314) ΓΕΝΕΣΕΟΣ (1268) ΙΗΣΟΥ (688) ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ (1680) ΥΙΟΥ (880) ΔΑΥΕΙΔ (424) ΥΙΟΥ (880) ΑΒΡΑΑΜ 145
In Greek, as in Hebrew, every letter of the alphabet has a numeric value. ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ (Christ) is value 1680 ... a number divisible by 40. ΥΙΟΥ (the Son), mentioned twice, is 880 ... a number divisible by 40. The two middle words in the verse ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ ΥΙΟΥ (Christ, the Son) add up to 2560, which is 40 x 8 x 8
Back to the number of words in the New Testament ... 40 must be here by intent.
Now, this number ... seven. Seven shows up frequently in the plain text of the Bible.
- There were 7 days of creation.
- In the 7th year, Hebrew slaves were set free
- There are 7 feasts of the LORD, and each of the two main feasts are celebrated for 7 days.
- 7 priests with 7 trumpets went ahead for 7 days, and on the final day Israel marched 7 times around Jericho, before the walls fell down.
- In the NT, in the book of Revelation, there are ... 7 churches and 7 spirits before the throne
- 7 golden lampstands
- 7 stars being 7 angels
- 7 torches of fire
- 7 seals
- 7 horns and 7 eyes of the Lamb
- 7 trumpets
- 7 thunders
- the dragon has 7 heads and 7 crowns
- 7 golden bowls
- 7 plagues
The 7 here (40 x 7 x 317) seems to be by design.
This number ... 8. There were 6 days of creation, and a 7th day of rest. The 8th day indicates a new beginning.
Jewish males are circumcised on the 8th day.
Jesus rose from the grave on the 8th day, by Jewish reckoning ... the day after the Sabbath.
Eight symbolizes new birth, new beginnings. And our attention is drawn to a sequence in the Bible … 6, 7, 8.
We’ll return to this number (11) shortly.
This number ... 317. 317 is the 66th prime number. There are 66 books in the Bible … OT and NT ... presenting the complete revelation of God.
In the first verse of the NT (Matt 1:1), the second word is ΓΕΝΕΣΕΟΣ ... “the book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ ...” ΓΕΝΕΣΕΟΣ has a numeric value of 1268, which is 2 x 2 x 317 ... and 317 is the 66th prime number. Even if it is not immediately apparent when we see the number 317, something important is being highlighted.
This number ... 153. 153 is the number of large fish caught by the disciples when they followed Jesus’ instructions. (John 21:6,11). The number of fish (153) is literal and specific, but it's surely also symbolic.
In the 8 words in Matt 1:1, the four middle words are ΙΗΣΟΥ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ ΥΙΟΥ ΔΑΥΕΙΔ ... “Jesus Christ, son of David”. The numeric value of the four words is 3672, and this number is divisible by 153.
Also, the first and last words are ΒΙΒΛΟΣ and ΑΒΡΑΑΜ ... 314 and 145 ... The combined numeric value is 459, and that is 153 x 3.
Now to the total number of words in the Greek text of the NT ... 137,720 ... which is expressed as: 40 x 11 x 313. To express this in a different form ... 40 x 11 x (12 squared + 13 squared). 12 squared is 12 x 12 which is 144. 13 squared is 13 x 13 which is 169. 144 plus 169 is 313.
So here we have another sequence ... 11 x (12 sq + 13 sq) ... 11 12 13. It's a sequence that shows up in the Bible.
There were 12 tribes of Israel, and there were 12 apostles in the NT. When the tribe of Benjamin was nearly wiped out, the Israelites contrived a way to ensure that all 12 tribes were preserved (see Judges 20 and 21).
When Judas was lost, the remaining 11 apostles had two possible replacements. They didn’t take both. They cast lots and only one was chosen (Acts 1). It was apparently important that the number of apostles was exactly 12.
Yet, by a certain count, 12 was temporarily reduced to 11. In the NT when Judas was lost, and in the case of Israel when the tribe of Levi was set apart for the LORD and received no inheritance of land.
Yet, by another count, 12 did become 13 when the two sons of Joseph (Manasseh and Ephraim ... see Gen 48) were brought to the fore and each was to be treated as a full son of Jacob. And, in the NT, 12 became 13 when the LORD chose Paul to be an apostle “as one abnormally born” (1 Cor 15:8)
11 briefly ... 12 tribes and 12 apostles ... later, 13 tribes and 13 apostles. 11 12 13
With that in mind, we examine the prime number 313. A prime number is a whole number that is divisible by itself and by 1 only. 313 starts a sequence, a sequence that leads to the prime number 373. Why is 373 significant? Jesus is called the ΛΟΓΟΣ, the Word (John 1:1). The numeric value of ΛΟΓΟΣ is 373.
The sequence is: 313, 353 and 373, and these are the 11th, 12th and 13th palindromic prime numbers ... 11 12 and 13.
What is a palindromic prime number? It's a prime number, a number divisible by itself and by 1 only, and it is also a number that is a palindrome. A palindrome is a number that reads the same forwards and backwards.
The sequence 313, 353 and 373 are the 11th, 12th and 13th palindromic primes.
Now it gets really interesting. In mathematics there is a category of prime numbers known as palindromic wing primes. A palindromic wing prime is a prime number ... divisible by itself and by 1 only. It is a palindrome. It reads the same forwards and backwards. And it is a number where all digits, except the middle digit, are the same.
For example, 11311. The middle digit is unique. The digits on both sides are the same. There aren't many palindromic wing primes. Our example, 11311 is only the 16th palindromic wing prime.
The very first palindromic wing prime is 101, and 101 is the 26th prime number. 26 is the numeric value of the Hebrew word (YUD HEH VAV HEH) that represents the name of the LORD.
101, the first, and 313 353 and 373 are the 6th, 7th and 8th palindromic wing primes.
Now we see a tie in to the first verse of the Bible. “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Gen 1:1). In Hebrew: בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ
Seven words. There is a middle word, and three words on each side of the middle word. 3 1 3.
The middle word has two letters. Two is the first prime number, and it is a unique prime number because it is the only prime number that is an even number. The word is untranslatable. In Hebrew grammar, the word points to the direct object. It is spelled את ... the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Jesus said, He is the first and the last, the alpha and the omega. Alpha and omega ... the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet.
There are five middle words with a total of 18 Hebrew letters. 18 in Hebrew thought indicates life, because the Hebrew word חי, meaning life, has a numeric value of 18.
There are two words bracketing the 5 middle words. There are 10 letters in the two words. 10 in Hebrew thought indicates full manifestation. Here, the full manifestation of life ... with Jesus, the alef tav, at the center.
Every letter of the Hebrew alphabet has a numeric value. The value of these two outer words is 913 and 296 ... total 1209. And 1209 is 31 x 3 x 13. 31 3 and 3 13.
The total value of all the words in Genesis 1:1 is 2701, which is 37 x 73. 3 7 7 3. Note: 3 letters here and 7 letters here … 7 letters here and 3 letters here. 3 7 7 3
Also, in this middle block of 18 letters, 3 letters and 5 letters, 5 letters and 3 letters. 3 5 5 3. These are all palindromes.
The value of these two words is 999. The value of these 3 words is 999. The value of these 3 words is 888. And the value of these 3 words is 777.
We get the name of Jesus from this word in the Greek of the New Testament ... ΙΗΣΟΥΣ. The numeric value of ΙΗΣΟΥΣ is 888.
These numbers are also palindromes.
Break the numbers down to their prime numbers. 999 is 37 x 3 x 3 x 3. 888 is 37 x 3 x 2 x 2 x 2. 777 is 37 x 3 x 7. Each of these breakdowns starts with 37 and 3. 3 7 3.
As we pointed out before, the New Testament says that Jesus is the Word ... the ΛΟΓΟΣ. The numeric value of ΛΟΓΟΣ is 373.
The total number of Greek words in the original New Testament text is 137,720. This is: 40 x 11 x 313. And 313 starts a sequence of prime numbers ... 313 353 373. And the sequence leads to Jesus, the Word (373), and the numbers are revealed in the very first verse of the Bible, and that verse points to Jesus ... who, the Bible says, is the Creator. (John 1:3, Colossians 1:16, Hebrews 1:2).
And Jesus is the LORD. And Jesus is the LOGOS. Jesus, the Alpha and the Omega, the Alef and Tav.
Jesus, the first and the last. Jesus, the beginning, the middle and the end.
The New Testament, and indeed the whole Bible ... all of Scripture ... is all about Jesus.